Transmission in U.S. Appears to Have Been Human-to-Human
MANHATTAN, Kan. – Swine Flu has not been found in swine herds in the United States, and the strain of swine flu that has sickened more than 60 people in the U.S. and killed or sickened many more in Mexico has human influenza and avian influenza genes as well as swine influenza genes, according to two Kansas State University scientists.
“There is no evidence that this swine influenza virus is currently in the U.S. swine population,” said Juergen Richt, veterinary microbiologist and University Distinguished Professor in the K-State College of Veterinary Medicine. He added that in the U.S. cases, there is no evidence that the people affected had any interaction with swine.
Richt said that the H1N1 virus “most likely originated in the swine population in Mexico.”
Because influenza is a virus found in the respiratory system in humans and pigs, there is little chance that meat from even infected swine would be contaminated – as long as humans are not eating meat from the lungs or other parts of the respiratory tract, Richt said. Even if it were present on pork meat, which would be unlikely, thorough cooking would kill the virus.
For that reason and because the disease has not been found in any U.S. swine, K-State swine veterinarian Steve Dritz said, “From a scientific standpoint, there’s no reason to limit exports of U.S. pork.”
Information from the World Health Organization posted April 28 on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Website, concurred: “There is also no risk of infection from this virus from consumption of well-cooked pork and pork products. Individuals are advised to wash hands thoroughly with soap and water on a regular basis and should seek medical attention if they develop any symptoms of influenza-like illness.”
Both Richt and Dritz said this human outbreak of swine flu should serve as a reminder to swine producers to be vigilant in monitoring the health of their herds.
Dritz said that it is now especially important for producers to limit visitors to their operations and to question employees – specifically in asking if they have had flu symptoms in the past two to three days. The symptoms are like any flu symptoms, he said, including fever, coughing, lack of appetite and/or nasal congestion.
If a producer discovers respiratory disease symptoms in their herd, it is important that they contact a veterinarian so that appropriate tests are done.
Dritz said that although most swine flu strains have low mortality rates, it is possible for a strain to have higher mortality rates than are typical. He reminded, however, that the strain of swine flu that has sickened people in several countries and killed more than 150 people in Mexico, has not been found in U.S. pigs.
An audio report of interviews with Juergen Richt and Steve Dritz on this subject is available on the K-State Research and Extension Web site: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu.
K-State Research and Extension is a short name for the Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, a program designed to generate and distribute useful knowledge for the well-being of Kansans. Supported by county, state, federal and private funds, the program has county Extension offices, experiment fields, area Extension offices and regional research centers statewide. Its headquarters is on the K-State campus, Manhattan.
Story by: Mary Lou Petermlpeter@ksu.eduK-State Research & Extension News
Juergen Richt – 785-532-4408 or firstname.lastname@example.org; Steve Dritz – 785-532-4202 or email@example.com