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Adopt A Wheat Field Home Page
June 20
photo 143 Yesterday, we saw what happened to the wheat from our field, but what would farmers do with their wheat? Well, they would either store the grain on their farms  in metal bins similar to ours (but probably bigger) or they would haul their grain to a country elevator, such as this one.  (Historically, only 15 to 20 percent of the Kansas wheat is stored on farms.)

Click here to see a bigger elevator.

photo 144 Before the grain can be unloaded the truck has to be weighed on a huge scale. A sample of the grain is taken to determine the grain moisture and dockage. (Dockage is non-wheat material that is removed by sieve screens and air.) And then the cleaned wheat sample is measured for test weight. (Test weight is an indication of how much flour can be extracted from a bushel of wheat. It is expressed in pounds per bushel, in other words, itís how many pounds of wheat will fit into a given volume.)  Other factors that are sometimes determined are: protein content, shriveled, broken and damaged kernels, and foreign material.  (Foreign material is anything other than wheat grain, which has a similar size and shape of wheat kernels that canít be removed through dockage testing, for example, rye kernels.) During wheat harvest these country elevators are very busy, click here to see.
photo 145 After weighing, the truck is driven into the dump pit, the truck gate is opened, the bed of the truck is lifted, and the grain is dumped into the pit. Hang on, we arenít done yet! Next, the truck is driven to another scale to be weighed again. Why do you think it has to be weighed again?  We need to know how much grain the truck had on it. Itís pretty simple to calculateĖthe weight of the empty truck is subtracted from the weight of the loaded truck to determine how much grain the farmer actually hauled to the elevator. The farmer is paid for the number of bushels that was dumped into the pit.
photo 146 Where does the grain go after it is dumped into the pit? It is taken to the top of the elevator and dropped into one of the seven concrete silos for storage. How long does it stay there in storage? We will be talking about that in a few days! However, you would probably like to know how high this elevator is, right? It is 120 feet to the top of the nearest silo. It is about 200 feet to the top of the metal structure, which is what actually lifts the grain from the pit area.
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